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An understanding of diamond cut begins with the shape of a diamond. The standard round brilliant is the shape used in most diamond jewelry. All others are known as fancy shapes. Traditional fancy shapes include the marquise, pear, oval and emerald cuts. Hearts, cushions, triangles and a variety of others are also gaining popularity in diamond jewelry.
When talking about the value of a diamond cut refers to the proportions, symmetry and polish of the stone. A diamond's overall proportions as well as the size and placemet of its many reflective surfaces (known as facets), play the majority role in "cut" The symmetry and balance of these can greatly affect how the stone captures light and reflects it back to the eye.
When you break a diamond down into its three major components from top to bottom you have the crown, girdle, and the pavilion, also you have the table being the large flat facet on the top of the stone and the culet being the point of the diamond at the bottom.
Proportions - This is a reference to the relationships between the table size, crown angle (the angle that the diamond has from the girdle to the table) and the pavilion.
Depth - These measurements all go to giving a better idea how the light moves through the diamond and how it will disperse light and sparkle.
Symmetry - This is a reference to the alignment of the facets between the crown and pavilion of the diamond also its overall symmetry side to size.
Polish - This refers to the finish of the stone as it is graded under 10x magnification
"A diamond's overall proportions, as well as the size and placement of its many reflective surfaces or facets, also play a large part in "cut." The consistency and balance of these can greatly affect how the stone captures light and reflects it back to the eye." Stuller
When you think of the cut, you probably think of the shape of the diamond. You are partially correct. While cut does refer to shape, it also refers to the proportions of how the diamond is actually cut.
Diamonds are cut into many different shapes, reflecting not only popular taste but the proportions and quality of the rough diamond. The most popular shapes include Round, Oval, Square, Princess, Emerald, Baquette, and Marquise cuts. Many specialty shapes are also available at La Masters.
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